Niacin (30mg)Niacin, or vitamin B3, is an essential nutrient that is a precursor to NAD+ production, which is directly involved with the body’s ability to generate energy from fuel (carbs, fats, and protein). Additionally, niacin can directly affect growth hormone production in children and adults, which can prove beneficial for muscle growth.
Beta Alanine (2500mg)
Beta-alanine is a precursor to the production of carnosine – a molecule utilized by the body to buffer acids in skeletal muscle. Exercise produces acid buildup through the conversion of fuels to energy. Supplementing with beta-alanine can improve buffering ability in the body, which leads to decreased muscle soreness and increased performance.
N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine (750mg)
Tyrosine is an essential amino acid, and the added acetyl group of N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine allows for higher brain uptake via increased blood brain barrier permeability. Tyrosine is a precursor to serotonin, an important neurotransmitter regarding mood and energy.
Hydromax Glycerol Powder (65%) (750mg)
Hydromax is a patented form of glycerol: a compound that improves hydration by carrying water molecules into muscle. As the muscles fill with water, the swelling will also stimulate satellite cells to build muscle fibers and further grow the muscle.
Caffeine Anhydrous (310mg)
A well-known stimulant used across the globe, caffeine does more than just wake you up in the morning. Caffeine is a mainstay ingredient in any pre-workout, since it can improve power output, aerobic, and anaerobic exercise, while also bringing powerful energy and focus.
2-Aminoisoheptane (Aconitum Kusnezoffii Extract) (150mg)
This cutting-edge trace amine can dramatically boost energy and focus, similar to its structurally similar relative, DMAA. 2-Aminoisoheptane acts via enhanced dopamine and noradrenaline release and inhibits their reuptake, so that the cognitive benefits are strong and long-lasting.
Amentoflavone (Selaginella tamariscina extract) (100mg)
Amentoflavone is found in many commonly used botanicals, and has multiple beneficial properties for athletes. It can increase muscle contractions via increased calcium release in the muscle, and is a potent vasodilator.
N-Phenylethyldimethylamine HCl (Eria Jarensis) (100mg)
N-phenylethyldimethylamine is a trace amine that modulates and regulates release of multiple neurotransmitters, similar to its chemical cousin, DMAA. Due to its unique chemical structure, it provides an increase in focus and mood that is both powerful and long-lasting.
Dimethylethanolamine (DMAE) serves as a precursor to acetylcholine, an essential neurotransmitter for muscular contraction in the musculoskeletal system and for attention, learning, and memory in the brain. Its chemical structure allows the compound to cross the blood-brain barrier, resulting in noticeable increases in alertness, mood and overall mental clarity.
Zembrin (Sceletium tortuosum (aerial parts) extract) (25mg)
This traditional herb has been used for stress relief for centuries. By inhibiting both serotonin and phosphodiesterase 4, it is able to improve cognition, mood, and blood flow.
Theanine is an amino acid that is used for producing certain neurotransmitters (instead of proteins like many other amino acids) that modulate feelings of relaxation and calmness. Not only is theanine effective for reducing anxiety and promoting calm, but it also works to improve cognition when combined with caffeine.
Astragin (Astralagus membranaceus and Panax notoginseng) (25mg)
Astragin is a patented blend of two highly purified and concentrated botanicals: Panax notoginseng and Astragalus membrenaceus. This high-impact combination enhances the absorption of many molecules, so that all the powerful compounds in this formula are fully bioavailable for the highest possible effect.
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